History of St Patrick’s Day

by | Social

 St. Patrick’s Day is celebrated annually on March 17, the anniversary of his death in the fifth century. The Irish have observed this day as a religious holiday for over 1,000 years. On St. Patrick’s Day, which falls during the Christian season of Lent, Irish families would traditionally attend church in the morning and celebrate in the afternoon. Lenten prohibitions against the consumption of meat were waived and people would dance, drink and feast–on the traditional meal of Irish bacon and cabbage.

 

ST. PATRICK’S DEATH AND THE FIRST ST. PATRICK’S DAY PARADE

St Patricks DaySaint Patrick, who lived during the fifth century, is the patron saint and national apostle of Ireland. Born in Roman Britain, he was kidnapped and brought to Ireland as a slave at the age of 16. He later escaped, but returned to Ireland and was credited with bringing Christianity to its people. In the centuries following Patrick’s death (believed to have been on March 17, 461), the mythology surrounding his life became ever more ingrained in the Irish culture: Perhaps the most well known legend is that he explained the Holy Trinity (Father, Son and Holy Spirit) using the three leaves of a native Irish clover, the shamrock.

Did You Know?
More than 100 St. Patrick’s Day parades are held across the United States; New York City and Boston are home to the largest celebrations.

Since around the ninth or 10th century, people in Ireland have been observing the Roman Catholic feast day of St. Patrick on March 17. Interestingly, however, the first parade held to honor St. Patrick’s Day took place not in Ireland but in the United States. On March 17, 1762, Irish soldiers serving in the English military marched through New York City. Along with their music, the parade helped the soldiers reconnect with their Irish roots, as well as with fellow Irishmen serving in the English army.

 

GROWTH OF ST. PATRICK’S DAY CELEBRATIONS

Over the next 35 years, Irish patriotism among American immigrants flourished, prompting the rise of so-called “Irish Aid” societies like the Friendly Sons of Saint Patrick and the Hibernian Society. Each group would hold annual parades featuring bagpipes (which actually first became popular in the Scottish and British armies) and drums.

In 1848, several New York Irish Aid societies decided to unite their parades to form one official New York City St. Patrick’s Day Parade. Today, that parade is the world ‘s oldest civilian parade and the largest in the United States, with over 150,000 participants. Each year, nearly 3 million people line the 1.5-mile parade route to watch the procession, which takes more than five hours. Boston, Chicago, Philadelphia and Savannah also celebrate the day with parades involving between 10,000 and 20,000 participants each.

 

THE IRISH IN AMERICA

Up until the mid-19th century, most Irish immigrants in America were members of the Protestant middle class. When the Great Potato Famine hit Ireland in 1845, close to 1 million poor and uneducated Irish Catholics began pouring into America to escape starvation. Despised for their alien religious beliefs and unfamiliar accents by the American Protestant majority, the immigrants had trouble finding even menial jobs. When Irish Americans in the country’s cities took to the streets on St. Patrick’s Day to celebrate their heritage, newspapers portrayed them in cartoons as drunk, violent monkeys.

The American Irish soon began to realize, however, that their large and growing numbers endowed them with a political power that had yet to be exploited. They started to organize, and their voting block, known as the “green machine,” became an important swing vote for political hopefuls. Suddenly, annual St. Patrick’s Day parades became a show of strength for Irish Americans, as well as a must-attend event for a slew of political candidates. In 1948, President Harry S. Truman attended New York City ‘s St. Patrick’s Day parade, a proud moment for the many Irish Americans whose ancestors had to fight stereotypes and racial prejudice to find acceptance in the New World.

 

THE CHICAGO RIVER DYED GREEN ON ST. PATRICK’S DAY

As Irish immigrants spread out over the United States, other cities developed their own traditions. One of these is Chicago’s annual dyeing of the Chicago River green. The practice started in 1962, when city pollution-control workers used dyes to trace illegal sewage discharges and realized that the green dye might provide a unique way to celebrate the holiday. That year, they released 100 pounds of green vegetable dye into the river–enough to keep it green for a week! Today, in order to minimize environmental damage, only 40 pounds of dye are used, and the river turns green for only several hours.

Although Chicago historians claim their city’s idea for a river of green was original, some natives of Savannah, Georgia (whose St. Patrick’s Day parade, the oldest in the nation, dates back to 1813) believe the idea originated in their town. They point out that, in 1961, a hotel restaurant manager named Tom Woolley convinced city officials to dye Savannah’s river green. The experiment didn’t exactly work as planned, and the water only took on a slight greenish hue. Savannah never attempted to dye its river again, but Woolley maintains (though others refute the claim) that he personally suggested the idea to Chicago’s Mayor Richard J. Daley.

 

ST. PATRICK’S DAY CELEBRATIONS AROUND THE WORLD

Today, people of all backgrounds celebrate St. Patrick’s Day, especially throughout the United States, Canada and Australia. Although North America is home to the largest productions, St. Patrick’s Day is celebrated in many other locations far from Ireland, including Japan, Singapore and Russia.

In modern-day Ireland, St. Patrick’s Day was traditionally been a religious occasion. In fact, up until the 1970s, Irish laws mandated that pubs be closed on March 17. Beginning in 1995, however, the Irish government began a national campaign to use interest in St. Patrick’s Day to drive tourism and showcase Ireland and Irish culture to the rest of the world. Today, approximately 1 million people annually take part in Ireland ‘s St. Patrick’s Festival in Dublin, a multi-day celebration featuring parades, concerts, outdoor theater productions and fireworks shows.

 

How The New Budget will Impact SNAP
How The New Budget will Impact SNAP  The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) assists lower-income families to purchase food in order to prevent hunger. The program also provides economic benefits to communities. The proposed budget for 2018...
How Do I Get FHA Refunds?
Although FHA refunds are for people who have FHA-insured mortgage loans, not everyone is entitled to a refund. Various factors are considered to determine who can receive a refund. FHA refunds are available for those who finance their homes within three...
Morning Habits for Success
Are you a morning person? Many people enjoy getting up at the sunrise and having a cup of coffee while they browse the web and others prefer to sleep in as long as possible but the most successful people in the world embrace the mornings and in fact there...
You Can Save Money on Your Monthly Bills By Reading These Tips
When you add up the total cost of your monthly utility bills, you may be astounded by how expensive utilities can be. This may be particularly true during peak usage months in the height of summer and in the dead of winter. You and your family...
Self Help Works Too!
Self-Help Works Too! Government assistance serves as a great safety net for a lot of people. Unemployment, SNAP, Social Security Disability, and other benefits operate as a great way to prevent total financial collapse following negative life events. However, each of...
Increasing Literacy in Children
Increasing Literacy in Children Literacy is important. This is a fact that cannot be stressed enough. Often, arts and literature are tossed to the side to make way for additional funding in other areas, but learning to read lays the foundation for further education...
Car Shopping and Ways To Pay for It
A franchised new car dealership is a reliable, if not the only, source for anyone who wants to buy a new car.  But to those who prefer buying used or previously owned cars, there are plenty of options and sources one could choose from to be able to make...
Social Security Disability Assistance
 Social Security Disability Insurance pays benefits to you and certain members of your family if worked long enough and paid Social Security taxes. Supplemental Security Income pays benefits based on financial need. If you need help and personal guidance...
5 Strategies to Reduce Stress and Strengthen Family Relationships
 Stress is everywhere. You feel stressed at work and on your commute, and maybe even your home, the place that is supposed to be your sanctuary. When you arrive home from your job, you're met by bills that need to be paid, children that need to be fed and...
Walmart Owes Money
Wal-Mart is a nationally recognized big box store offering low prices for customers who have everyday needs. The store employs more than 1.2 million people, and many of them are currently in a situation in which they could receive a big payout from the company for...
Five Great Resources for Working from Home
 There have been thousands of people watching “Good Morning America” who have sent us messages thanking us for helping them make the money while working from home. For anyone who hasn’t yet taken the leap forward but feel as though you might be ready,...
The Facts You Need to Know About Payday Cash Advances
If you need money, it can feel as if there is no one to help you. It may feel like you're up a creek without a paddle. Luckily, you can get payday cash advances to help you out. Research all companies that you are considering. Find a lender that fits you...
How To Get Involved with Affiliate Marketing or Direct Sales
How To Get Involved with Affiliate Marketing or Direct Sales Life can busy and complicated. With increased costs in childcare, one parent must often stay at home to watch the kids while the other parent works. Or, as someone begins their adulthood, they may need...
How To Find Good Insurance Companies
 Insurance is a part of life whether you’re looking to protect your life, home, or automobile. All insurance companies are not equal. Working with a good insurance company is just as, if not more, important as having coverage. Here are four things to keep...
Is Public Housing An Option for You?
The US Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) utilizes several programs to ensure housing for lower-income families. One of these programs is Public Housing. This program was designed to provide decent and safe rental homes for lower-income...
Which Student Loan Repayment Options Work for You?
Which Student Loan Repayment Options Work for You? The student loan process can be tricky and difficult to understand. Students often overlook the process from the beginning of college until graduation, never realizing the impact of the loans until payment become due...
Best and Worst Student Loan Services
Best and Worst Student Loan Services This is the time of year when hundreds of thousands of Americans begin to prepare for their first semester in college. They begin to seek out the items that will sustain them during dorm life. Parents spend money on new sheets, hot...
Understanding Federal Grants (Part 2)
 In the last issue we talked about how the federal grant system works and how you can make it work for you. In this issue we are going talk about exactly who's eligible to apply for federal grant money. The simple fact is that almost everyone is eligible...
Find The Best Section 8 Homes & Rentals
Find The Best Section 8 Homes & Rentals Are you feeling a little frustrated searching for Section 8 homes and rental property? Below is a list of multiple Section 8 housing resources. These are not in any particular order. These are just eight very good resources...
Finding Employment with Job Searches
Finding Employment with Job Searches Sometimes, life hits Americans hard. With ups and downs in the economy, it may be difficult to maintain consistent employment over a long period of time. Fortunately, there are options to help find a new job or career. In the...

Subscribe

Family Picnic

Enter Your Email for Best Results

Due to the overwhelming response, please enter your name and email to ensure the proper search results.

You Are On Your Way!

Family Picnic

Enter Your Email for Best Results

Due to the overwhelming response, please enter your name and email to ensure the proper search results.

You Are On Your Way!

Family Picnic

Enter Your Email to Receive New Assistance Updates

Due to the overwhelming response, please enter your name and email to ensure proper results.

Thank You! You will now receive the latest assistance updates!

Family Picnic

Enter Your Email for Best Results

Due to the overwhelming response, please enter your name and email to ensure the proper search results.

You Are On Your Way!

Pin It on Pinterest

Share This